Burkitt lymphoma

Burkitt lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is highly aggressive, rare, and has a strong male preponderance. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, has also been linked to the development of Burkitt lymphoma. The immunodeficiency-associated variant of this tumor is most common in HIV positive patients, but can also be seen in any immunosuppressed patient. It accounts for 30-40% of NHL in HIV patients, and is one of the AIDS defining diseases, being associated with the initial disease presentation. [...]

Carotid artery pseudoaneurysm

Trauma [...]

Contrast Enhanced MRA of Dissection of the Carotid Artery

This 69-year-old man presented to the angiography department with a single episode of amaurosis fugax 6 months ago. Since that time he has been treated with thrombocyte aggregation inhibitors. Clinical symptomatology includes headaches and vertigo. [...]

An Overview of Imaging Techniques for the Carotid Bifurcation

Because it has been proven that there is a link between the development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) and the application of high volumes of magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents in patients with impaired renal function, interest in non-contrast-enhanced techniques for MR angiography has experienced a renaissance. This set of images presents 5 different techniques for imaging the carotid bifurcation, one of the most critical and commonly diseased vascular regions within the entire arterial system. Except one (D), for best comparability, all exams were acquired with the same spatial resolution of 0.9 x 0.9 x 0.9 mm3 at 3 T (Magnetom Verio, Siemens Medical Solutions). [...]

Improved Workflow and Performance for Contrast-Enhanced MR Angiography Sequences

Recent improvements in TWIST (dynamic contrast enhanced MRA) and more conventional non-dynamic contrast enhanced MRA are discussed. [...]

syngo TWIST for Dynamic Time-Resolved MR Angiography

3D dynamic imaging has been available since the late 90s. The speed of dynamic imaging was subsequently improved due to advances in gradient design, for example current 40 mT/m gradients. Since then, dynamic imaging has gone through several changes and improvements, including the implementation of parallel imaging, and more recently, the new k-space coverage now available with TWIST (a 4D MRA application). TWIST achieves significant improvements in temporal and spatial resolution and faster tracking of dynamic processes relative to the other versions of dynamic imaging introduced earlier. TWIST offers a practical, flexible, and elegant way to perform sub-second, time-sequential 3D measurements, both at 1.5 T and 3 T. This can be used in combination with contrast injection to provide dynamic clinical information, including the evaluation of abnormal vascular anatomy as well as vascular hemodynamics, and perfusion measurements. [...]

Fibroepithelial papilloma

This 46-year-old woman presented clinically with a complaint of gradual hearing impairment in the right ear for three years. Physical examination revealed the right parotid gland region to be swollen, with a medium-hard palpable mass. [...]

Traumatic Lesion of the Left Brachial Plexus

To diagnose peripheral neurologic deficits, imaging of the vertebral disks alone may not be sufficient. Depending on the clinical symptoms, the nerve roots themselves need to be evaluated in detail. In the presented case of a traumatic lesion of the brachial plexus, Markus Lentschig, MD (MR and PET/CT Center, Bremen, Germany) presents his 1.5 T imaging protocol for the evaluation of the cervical nerve roots and brachial plexus. [...]