Ankylosing spondylitis, chronic disease

There is marked irregularity and sclerosis of the sacroiliac joints bilaterally. Fatty changes are noted as well, in the sacrum, bordering the joint. There is little edema within the bone adjacent to the sacroiliac joints. All are findings consistent with long standing disease. Part of the on-line supplement to Neuroradiology – The Essentials with MR […] [...]

Ankylosing spondylitis, hip disease

One-third of individuals with AS develop hip and shoulder involvement. Bilateral disease, with joint effusions and synovial enhancement are characteristic. Additional less common findings include subchondral bone marrow edema, erosive destruction, and fatty accumulation. (Case provided courtesy of Reto Sutter, MD, Leitender Arzt, Radiologie, Uniklinik Balgrist, Zürich) Part of the on-line supplement to Neuroradiology – […] [...]

Ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliac joint disease

In this patient with long standing disease, joint space irregularity and adjacent fatty changes predominate. (Case provided courtesy of Reto Sutter, MD, Leitender Arzt, Radiologie, Uniklinik Balgrist, Zürich) Part of the on-line supplement to Neuroradiology – The Essentials with MR and CT (© 2015) [...]

Ankylosing spondylitis, with bony ankylosis of the sacroiliac joints

In this 44-year-old patient, coronal images of the pelvis reveal fusion of the sacroiliac joints bilaterally. Sagittal images of the lumbar spine show vertebral body squaring and a bamboo like appearance due to diffuse ankylosis (and syndesmophytes). There is vertebral body fusion at multiple levels, with loss of disk space height and abnormal signal intensity […] [...]

DISH (diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis) in the cervical spine

In DISH (also known as Forestier disease) there is calcification and ossification of ligaments and entheses (the connective tissue between bone and a tendon or ligament) involving the vertebral column. Ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament is common (and often marked), and may occur in conjunction with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Both […] [...]

Migrated disk fragment

There is mild loss of disk space height (and thus substance) at L5-S1. A left paracentral disk herniation is noted, at this level, together with superior migration. Note the slight hyperintensity of the superiorly migrated portion of the disk on the T2-weighted scan, consistent with a free fragment (which is also suggested by the extent […] [...]

Scheuermann disease

Only a sagittal midline T2-weighted scan is presented. However this is sufficient to visualize the characteristic thoracic kyphosis, with involvement of 3 contiguous vertebrae. There is anterior wedging of the vertebral bodies and disk space narrowing, the latter greatest anteriorly. (Case provided courtesy of Reto Sutter, MD, Leitender Arzt, Radiologie, Uniklinik Balgrist, Zürich) Part of […] [...]

Degeneration (Lumbar)

A 76 year old man with advanced degenerative spine disease [...]

MRI Assessment of Articular Cartilage Repair

The evolution of sophisticated surgical repair procedures for the treatment of isolated, focal traumatic or degenerative cartialge lesions has created the need for accurate, non-invasive assessment of the repair tissue. MRI depicts well subchondral bone and bone marrow, allowing examination of repair tissue and its interface with parent cartilage and complications of repair surgeries such as graft hypertrophy and delamination. [...]

Synovial cyst

Back pain in a 58 year old woman [...]

OPLL (Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament)

A 57 year old male with numbness of the hands. [...]

Severe Degenerative Changes of the Hip Joints

This 74-year-old woman presented with a longstanding history of hip and leg pain on both sides but more pronounced on the right side. She is also suffers from a significant scoliosis. [...]

Gout

This 56-year-old female presented to clinic complaining of right foot pain and swelling for the last year, particularly involving the base of the fifth metatarsal and the 3rd toe. A hard, painful nodule involving the base of the patient’s fifth metatarsal was noted on physical exam. [...]